Kala Yarqan, Hepatitis C, Dr. Siddique Hashmi, Health, Medicine, کالا یرقان, ڈاکٹر صدیق ہاشمی, صحت, طب,

 Kala Yarqan, Hepatitis C, Dr. Siddique Hashmi, Health, Medicine, کالا یرقان, ڈاکٹر صدیق ہاشمی, صحت, طب,

Black Jaundice, also known as hepatitis C, is a liver infection that can cause severe liver damage. It is caused by hepatitis C virus or HCV.

Black Jaundice or hepatitis C infection can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term). When a person has acute hepatitis, symptoms can last up to 6 months.

An acute infection becomes chronic if the body cannot clear the virus. This is common – acute infections become chronic in more than 50% of reliable cases.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), newest cases of hepatitis C today come from contact with needles or other equipment used to administer or inject drugs. It is often caused by sharing needles or accidental contact in healthcare settings.

Many people with hepatitis C or black jaundice have no symptoms. But between 2 weeks and 6 months after the virus enters your bloodstream, you may notice:

·         Clay colored Stool

·         Black urine

·         Fever

·         Fatigue

·         Jaundice (a condition that causes yellowing of the eyes and skin as well as dark urine)

·         Arthritis

·         Loss of appetite

·         Nausea

·         Stomach pain

·         Vomit

 Symptoms usually last 2 to 12 weeks.

 Jaundice is spread when blood or body fluids contaminated with the hepatitis C virus enter your bloodstream through contact with an infected person. You can get infected with virus in the following ways.

·                     Using the same injection drugs and needles

·                     Having sex, especially if you have HIV

·                     Birth – A mother can pass it on to a child


You cannot get jaundice from any other source like

·                     Cough

·                     A hug

·                     Holding hands

·                     Mosquito bite

·                     Using the same eating utensils

·                     To sneeze

Symptoms of severe jaundice includes

·            Bloating or swelling in the legs and feet

·            Stones

·            Your brain doesn't work as well (encephalopathy)

·            Kidney failure

·            Bleeds and bruises easily

·            Severe itching

·            Muscle loss

·            Difficulty with memory and concentration

·            Spider web-like veins on the skin

·            Vomiting of blood due to bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract (various conditions of the esophagus)

·            Weight loss


Diagnosis of black jaundice

Because new HCV infections are usually asymptomatic, few people are diagnosed when the infection is new. In men with chronic HCV infection, the infection is often undiagnosed because it remains asymptomatic for long periods after infection, even when symptoms become secondary to severe liver damage.


HCV infection is diagnosed in 2 stages.

 Testing for anti-HCV antibodies with serological tests identifies people who have been infected with the virus.

2.  If the test is positive for anti-HCV antibodies, a nucleic acid test for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) is needed to confirm chronic infection because about 30% of people infected with HCV without A strong immune response naturally clears the infection. Although these people are no longer infected, they will still test positive for anti-HCV antibodies

After a person is diagnosed with chronic HCV infection, an evaluation should be done to determine the degree of liver damage (fibrosis and cirrhosis). This can be done through a liver biopsy or a variety of non-invasive tests. The degree of liver damage is used to guide treatment decisions and disease management.

Early diagnosis can prevent health problems that may result from infection and prevent transmission of the virus. WHO recommends testing people who are at increased risk of infection.

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